A Collective Work Delving into Migration Governance

The African Migration Studies Laboratory (LemAfriQ), based in Madrid, Spain, has released a comprehensive dossier in its sixth issue of 2024, titled “Morocco: Geopolitics and Migration Governance,” focusing on migration policies and integration programs concerning migrants in Morocco. The laboratory, a leader in migration studies in African countries and their relationship with Europe, has appointed academic researcher Dr. Hassan Jefali as its representative in Morocco to follow up on this highly significant scientific and social issue.

According to the publishers, one of the research backgrounds for this new scientific publication is the adoption of migration policies that have made Morocco an active and relevant player in Euro-African relations in the field of migration management.

The laboratory noted that since the publication of the Moroccan National Council for Human Rights’ report on migration and the adoption of the new migration and asylum strategy in 2013, newly arrived migrants have had the right to access all services under the same conditions as Moroccans. These policies, in the researchers’ view, have contributed to establishing new foundations for cooperative relations between Morocco and African and European countries.

The content of the aforementioned issue consists of twelve articles, featuring research conducted by a group of professors and researchers on various issues, offering diverse perspectives and rich scientific and methodological approaches related to migration, cultural diplomacy, Euro-African cooperation, and the Atlantic African project.

Given Morocco’s strategic geographical location, for instance, Ashwaq Shalakha, a professor at Mohammed V University in Rabat, describes the Kingdom of Morocco as a bridge between Africa and Europe, highlighting cultural diplomacy as a tool to enhance cooperation between the two continents. Other researchers focused on migration diplomacy, emphasizing the role of migration in geopolitical formation and strengthening cooperation within the African and Mediterranean continental space.

Professor Hassan Arabi from Mohammed I University in Oujda pointed out that Spanish-Moroccan relations have gone through fluctuations and mutual distrust over four centuries, ultimately arriving at a conviction of the need to build a common space of understanding. He also highlighted that since Spain’s democratic transition and its integration into the European Union, successive governments have sought to ensure peace in the western Mediterranean and cooperation in all projects concerning Spain and Morocco.

Due to these transformations, Morocco has managed to build a social system responsive to the needs of its population through specific government programs aimed at reinforcing the social state. In this context, the publication mentions Morocco’s path since the adoption of the 2011 constitution in building a state based on rights and embedding a culture of diversity in the social fabric, resulting from the coexistence of traditional and modern models in family law concepts.

From this perspective, the publication focused on analyzing Morocco’s vision in enhancing African cooperation in the academic field. Hassan Al-Yaacoubi, a professor at Mohammed V University in Rabat, discussed the development of the African student movement and the desire of students to pursue higher education in Morocco. The official Moroccan entities’ support for the national migration and asylum strategy to integrate migrants in Morocco from social, economic, and cultural viewpoints was also highlighted. The researcher distinguished between voluntary migrants seeking a place within the host society and those welcomed through government migration programs. Therefore, the integration programs adopted in Morocco aim to root expatriates in the host country without losing their identity.

Additionally, the publication addressed balanced methods of managing migration in Morocco, emphasizing that the Kingdom has combined the application of social policies for citizens or general migration policies for migrants, with efforts to implement public policies for the return of the Moroccan Jewish diaspora. According to Mehdi Rahimeni, Moroccan Jews represent 10% of the global Jewish community, and the Abraham Accords, signed on December 22, 2020, in Rabat, renew relations between the Jewish diaspora and Morocco.

Finally, Samar Khamlichi and Azeddine Tahiri, professors at Mohammed V University in Rabat, addressed strategic issues related to the migration environment, such as Morocco’s openness to the Atlantic space and its significant position in managing soft power. They noted that Morocco leads a tangible and realistic project to build a regional economic hub in cooperation with neighboring countries in West Africa, potentially making the Kingdom a connection platform not only between Africa and Europe but also with America, given Morocco’s good standing on the international stage.


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